Watering is an important part of caring for your indoor plants. Moisture entering the soil helps the absorption of nutrients. The root system of citrus crops is designed in such a way that the intake of useful elements from the soil is slower than that of other plants. Therefore, regular watering is necessary for the full cultivation of indoor trees. Lemon at home is watered regularly, the full development and formation of fruits depends on it.
help in obtaining nutrients from the soil;
coordination of evaporation processes;
stabilization of moisture indicators.
Lemon, as one of the leaders in the domestication of citrus crops, is considered an unpretentious plant. Full development at home is possible if a small list of requirements is observed, on which it depends: how often to water lemons, how often to water, when to arrange rest periods. Watering simultaneously performs several functions:
From following the rules for watering a lemon growing in a pot, its development at home depends. Citrus growers recommend setting a watering schedule at the start of growing and following it throughout the life of citrus crops in the home. Excessive irrigation can cause diseases of the root system, drought can lead to the death of the plant. An excess of moisture can provoke:
rotting of the root system;
infection with fungal diseases;
loss of elasticity of leaves and trunk;
yellowing, wilting of leaf plates;
slowing down the growth process;
obstruction of fruiting.
The lack of moisture in indoor plants is easy to determine by the state of the upper layers of the soil. Dry lumps of earth begin to harden, the surface cracks. The aboveground part reacts to drought in its own way:
the tips of the leaves dry up;
the plant turns yellow;
the ovaries fall off;
trees are unable to form and form fruit.
Regular watering errors lead to the loss of the natural defense mechanisms of the lemon, making it weak and vulnerable.
Questions that relate to growing lemons or oranges at home most often relate to watering rules. Despite the fact that experienced citrus growers recommend evaluating the external state of plants, there is a generally accepted scheme that takes into account the basic requirements for watering:
Time of day for irrigation. Early morning or late evening is suitable.
Frequency. At air temperatures from +25 ° C to +29 ° C, trees need daily watering, watering lemon in winter is reduced to 1 time per month.
Tap water is not suitable for irrigation because it is too hard and may contain high levels of chlorine. Melt or rainwater is best for citrus fruits. During the period when it is impossible to collect it, citric acid is added to tap water. This helps to soften the water and improve its quality. For 10 liters of water add 1 tbsp. l acid.
The amount of water. Citrus crops require moderately moist soil to thrive. The amount of moisture depends on the size of the tree and the container in which it grows.
How to water. To monitor the level of soil moisture, the lemon tree is watered in batches. After watering, the first portion is expected when the topsoil dries up, and then the remaining water is added.
Planting a seedling or replanting an adult plant due to lack of space is stressful for any indoor tree. Lemon is transplanted by the transshipment method: this means that the root system is not disturbed, but is placed in a new pot along with a lump of earth from the previous container. After sprinkling with soil and tamping the top layer of the soil, the lemon tree is watered with settled water at room temperature. The transplanted lemon is then allowed to rest. This period can last from 4 to 7 days: the plant is not disturbed.
To create greenhouse conditions that will help to cope with the stress that has arisen, the seedlings are covered with plastic wrap. At the same time, a small amount of condensation is formed, which helps the citrus to adapt to new growth conditions. After a period of adaptation, the lemon tree is watered according to the established schedule.
Lemon trees, with proper care, bloom in the 2nd - 3rd year of existence. At home, lemons can bloom all year round, making it difficult to follow watering rules. During the flowering period, lemons need systematic irrigation, as well as additional intake of nutrients.Lemon remains in bloom for 2 weeks, after which the plant forms fruit. During flowering, citrus needs daily irrigation. If the air temperature exceeds +25 ° C, the leaves are additionally sprayed from a spray bottle. To help the formation of full-fledged fruits, several requirements must be met:
provision of daylight hours for at least 12 hours;
additional intake of nutrients, among which the content of phosphorus, potassium, calcium is high.